It is generally accepted that you have sex before you can become pregnant. However, the mind-boggling question is what about sex while you are pregnant? Below are some of the things you need to know about sex during pregnancy.
How safe is it to have sex when you are pregnant?
If you have a normal pregnancy, you can continue to have sex until your water breaks or you go into labor. In some circumstances, however, you may need to change the activity or completely abstain from sex altogether for part or during your pregnancy. Your midwife or doctors are in the pole position to let you know in the event that there are any complications that can prevent you from having sex. If you are not sure, ask your doctor.
Does sex during pregnancy hurt your baby?
The answer is “No”, the child is not injured when you have sex during pregnancy. This is because the child is protected by the amniotic sac and powerful uterine muscles and the thick mucus plug that closes the cervix which helps to protect against infections. During sex, the penis does not extend beyond the vagina and therefore does not get to where the baby is.
Can having sex trigger labor?
If you have normal, low-risk pregnancy, sex cannot trigger labor. In addition, sexual stimulation or orgasm cannot stimulate labor or lead to abortion. Although orgasm can cause mild contraction of the uterus, contractions are usually temporary and harmless.
What are the best sex positions during pregnancy?
Sex positions that work well before pregnancy and early in pregnancy can be uncomfortable or even dangerous in late pregnancy phases. For example, lying on the back (also called a missionary position) after the fourth month of pregnancy puts pressure on the major blood vessels due to the weight of your growing child. Below are some of the best sex positions you can try if you are pregnant:
- A woman on top. This position allows for control of speed (fast and slow) and how comfortable you are during sex.
- Spooning. Lie on your side with a partner lying behind you. Sex in this position helps to reduce the pressure you put on the stomach.
- Woman on hands and knees. This is the best sex position for a pregnant woman during the first and second trimesters this is because it reduces the pressure exerted on the stomach. As time goes on when you belly becomes bigger this position becomes uncomfortable.
Are Condoms Needed?
If you have STDs during pregnancy, it can result in serious health problems for you and your baby. Avoid all forms of sexual intercourse – vaginal, oral and anal – if your partner has sexually transmitted or newly diagnosed active infection.
Use a condom if:
- You are not in a monogamous relationship
- Choose a sexual relationship with a new partner during pregnancy
Are there cases when sex should be avoided?
Stimulation of the breast, female orgasm and some hormones in the semen, called prostaglandins, can cause uterine contractions.
Your doctor may recommend avoiding sex if:
- You have unexplained vaginal bleeding
- You see amniotic fluid
- Your cervix begins to open too early (cervical incompetence)
- Your placenta partially or fully covers your cervical opening (placenta previa)
- You have a history of premature labor or premature birth
Is there any alternative to sex?
If you have chosen not to have sex, that is OK. Intimacy is not limited to sex. Share your needs and concerns with your partner in an open and happy way. If sex is difficult, unattractive or inaccessible, try hugging, kissing, or massaging.